Air motors - speed regulation
Controlling the speed and torque of an air motor is achieved by regulating the air supply; a relatively cheap and simple operation. Two methods are available, throttling and pressure regulation.
The air flow is controlled by placing a flow control valve at the inlet port or the outlet port of the air motor. Throttling will reduce the maximum speed of the motor but will not affect the starting performance; the air pressure is unaffected at low flow conditions i.e. starting. Note the difference in the graph between throttling on the inlet port and outlet port.
The speed and power can also be reduced by installing a pressure regulator on the incoming air supply. The pressure regulator reduces the air pressure to the motor. A pressure regulator is always fitted on the inlet port. By using a pressure regulator the torque on the output shaft will be affected, starting torque is best controlled with this method.
When both the speed and the torque are to be controlled the best configuration is to use a pressure regulator in the line to the motor and a flow control valve on the outlet port. This way every point in the torque-speed graph can be set accurately.
Air motors - directions of rotation
The GLOBE vane air motors can be used both as a uni-directional and as a bi-directional air motor. When the air motor is used in a non-reversible application, it is sufficient to use a 2/2 or a 3/2 valve. For the reversible motor you can use either a 5/3 valve or two 3/2 valves to gain directional control.
Air motors - air supply
To insure optimal working conditions for the GLOBE vane air motors, the air supply must be dry, filtered and lubricated. A 64 micron filter or better is recommended. The GLOBE vane air motors should be lubricated sufficiently. Oilless operations are possible in certain applications.
Air line restrictions
Air line restrictions on the inlet side of the motor will result in performance loss. Therefore it is important to make sure that the desired air pressure is available at the motor during operation. The pressure reading at the compressor or pressure regulator may be different then the pressure available at the motor. Performance loss can also occur by an exhaust restriction generating back pressure on the outlet side of the motor. An insufficiently sized silencer, valve or coupling is usually the cause.